Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens South Africa

Technical Report on alternative to sf 6 gas in MV HV electrical equipment TD Europe is the European association of the electricity transmission and distribution equipment and services industry. Its scope includes the complete range of products and services necessary to transmit and distribute electricity in high- and medium-voltages, betweenGet price

GHG Inventory for South Africa - gov.za

GHG Inventory for South Africa: 2000 – 2010 | ii PREFACE This report has been compiled for the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) in response to South Africas obligation to report their greenhouse (GHG) emissions to international climate change bodies. The report is prepared in accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention onGet price

GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA - Environment

8 GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA 2000 - 2010 2. Trends in GHG emissions 63 2.1 Trends for aggregated GHG emissions 63 2.2 Emission trends by gas 65 2.2.1 Carbon dioxide 65 2.2.2 Methane 65 2.2.3 Nitrous oxide 66 2.2.4 Fluorinated gases 66 2.3 Emission trends specified by source category 68Get price

Department of Environmental Affairs

GHG Greenhouse Gas DEA South Africa Department of Environmental Affairs SARS South Africa Revenue Service National Treasury South Africa National Treasury Data Provider Any person as classified in regulation 4 and shall include (a) its holding company or corporation or legal entity, registered in South AfricaGet price

Summary Guidance for Operators of Equipment Containing SF and

) and amount of the gas contained within the system. For other equipment containing either . 6. st. or PFCs placed on the EU market from 1SF January 2017, labels will be required to indicate the quantity of F-gas expressed in t CO. 2. eq in the product or equipment, or the quantity of F-gases for which the equipment is designed, and the GWP ofGet price

South Africa: Have Your Say On Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Aug 31, 2020 · The Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries has invited public comments on draft Technical Guidelines for Validation and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs).Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 13, 2019 · Itthe most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned. Sulphur hexafluoride, or Sulfr hexafluoride, is widely used in the electricalGet price

Shuwiso Mugabe - Johannesburg Area, South Africa

- Assemble , install, LV , MV, HV switchgear . - Installing ,servicing and testing of HV substations -Panel wiring - Complete substation overhauls adhering to the strict safety protocols. Some of the major projects done : 1.Get price

Myth About Sulfr hexafluoride Gas In Electrical Equipment

Where is sf6 gas used? The following applications are known. For some of these most probably you haven’t heard of. For sound insulation in windows, In vehicle tyres, Is sf6 gas a health hazard? Pure gaz sf6 is physiologically completely harmless for humans and animals. It’s even used in medical diagnostic. Due to its weight it might displace the oxygen in the air, if large quantities are concentrating in deeper and non ventilated places. Is insulating gas harmful for the environment? It has no ecotoxic potential, it does not deplete ozone. Due to its high global warming potential of 22.200 (*) it may contribute to the man made greenhouse-effect, if it is released into the atmosphere. What is the overall contribution of insulating gas used in the electrical equipment to the greenhouse effect? Less than 0,1 % ( see CAPIEL) and CIGRE). In an Ecofys study the contribution to the greenhouse effect in Europe is estimated to 0.05 % (*).

Full Disclosure: What SA’s top 10 greenhouse gas emit...

Eskom heads the list with 39% of South Africa’s GHG emissions. Sasol in second place (with 13.5%), emits more than “every car, truck, bus, train, and plane in South Africa combined”.Get price

Have your say on greenhouse gas emissions guidelines | SAnews

Aug 31, 2020 · South Africa is currently implementing a voluntary mitigation system, focusing on the country’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments. These are contained in South Africa’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), deposited with United Nations in 2015. South Africa has committed to mitigating the effects of climate change throughGet price

Gas insulated power transformers: A growing technology - EE

Mar 12, 2018 · Gas insulated transformers (GITs) have been in use since the 1960s, but use has been restricted due to higher costs and other reasons. Gas is used as an insulating and cooling agent in gas insulated transformers. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) is the main gas used in these types of transformer at present although other gases are under development. The main advantage of gas insulated transformers is that they are environmentally friendly and can be recycled easily.Get price

Mohamed Abdelhamid babeker - Electrical Engineer - Petrodar

• Pre-commissioning, commissioning, maintenance and trouble shooting of the following equipment: HVLV motors, electrical equipment in the heat medium system, water treatment and pumpingGet price

South Africa awaits air-pollution control legislation

Sep 12, 2003 · Oil refineries and industrial factories are major sources of air pollutants, namely sulphur-dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and carbonGet price

25 August, 2016 – Tech Day , Nairobi , Kenya ABB High Voltage

High Voltage Products Research and development Alternatives to switching and insulation medium gaz sf6 and oil e.g. new gas mixture for GIS, dry capacitors and cable terminations Product operations and disposal Reduced thermal and resistive losses Eco-efficient disposal processes Product design and manufacturing Reduced space, material, and gaz sf6 gasGet price

Government Gaette Staatskoerant - Environment

a tonne of a greenhouse gas over a given period (e.g., 100 years for the purpose of annual greenhouse gas inventory) to a tonne of Carbon Dioxide. By using GWPs, greenhouse gas emissions can be standardised to a carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq); “installation” means a device, operation or process that provides a particular service or isGet price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

May 24, 2021 · Technical Report on alternative to insulating gas gas in MV HV electrical equipment TD Europe is the European association of the electricity transmission and distribution equipment and services industry. Its scope includes the complete range of products and services necessary to transmit and distribute electricity in high- and medium-voltages, betweenGet price

Ockert Grobler - Maintenance Electrician - Astrapac Barrier

HV Equipment - High Voltage Reg., Switching and Earthing, Cable Jointing, Transformers - 11kV // 380V, Bus VT - 11kV // 35V, Circuit Breakers – Oil, Vacuum, PMB Gold Protection Devices, ect. General - General housekeeping, Stores, Timesheets, NOSA Safety Representative, General Computer work, Maintenance Program, Competent Vehicle Driver.Get price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 14, 2019 · Cheap and non-flammable, Sulfr hexafluoride is a colourless, odourless, synthetic gas. It makes a hugely effective insulating material for medium and high-voltage electrical installations. It is widely used across the industry, from large power stations to wind turbines to electrical sub-stations in towns and cities. It prevents electrical accidents and fires.Get price

EU legislation to control F-gases | Climate Action

Banning the use of F-gases in many new types of equipment where less harmful alternatives are widely available, such as fridges in homes or supermarkets, air conditioning and foams and aerosols; Preventing emissions of F-gases from existing equipment by requiring checks, proper servicing and recovery of the gases at the end of the equipmentlife.Get price

Medium Voltage Products | ABB

Medium voltage products and solutions for the utility, industrial and commercial customers with safe and smart technologies for the distribution of electricity.Get price

Proposed amendments of the National Greenhouse Gas Emission

Sep 16, 2019 · The GHG Reporting Regulations introduced South Africafirst attempt at a national system for the transparent reporting of greenhouse gas emissions. The intention is to provide a single national reporting system which will be used predominantly to update and maintain a National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, and will assist South Africa in meetingGet price

Eskom and Sasol emit over half of South Africa’s greenhouse gas

Jul 31, 2019 · Greenhouse gas emissions rose over 20% from 2000 to 2015 to 512 million tons and the country is the world’s 14th biggest source of carbon dioxide, one place above the U.K., according to theGet price

South Africa: Living Near the World’s Biggest Emitting Plant

Mar 17, 2020 · In a modest house on a dirt street in Embalenhle, South Africa, Dzimadzi Masilela sits in her living room and weeps. On the wall behind her is a picture of her only son, Liwa, dead at 44 after aGet price

Why the European Union Should Ban gaz sf6 | Energy Central

What Is sf 6? and How Is It used?Is sf 6 A Danger to Human Health?How Environmentally Damaging Is It?Has The Environmental Impact Even Been Underestimated?Is The Mitigation of sf6 gas Emissions Difficult? Do Better Solutions Exist?Conclusionsf6 gas is a long-lived, highly potent greenhouse gas. It is manmade and combines excellent electrical properties with chemical stability and low toxicity. Moreover, It’s non-flammable and low in cost. These characteristics have led to its widespread and enthusiastic adoption by the electrical industry, which uses approximately 80% of all sf6 gasproduced (Powell, 2002: 6). Within the electrical industry sf 6is used as an insulating medium for medium (MV) and high (HV) voltage electrical switchgear. A switchgear is the combination of electrical disconnect switches, fuses or circuit breakers used to control, protect and isolate sections of electrical grids. Low-voltage (LV) switchgear are used for controlling electrical circuits within buildings, medium voltage (MV) switchgear for controlling the electrical grids within cities and towns, and high voltage (HV) switchgear for grids that span a greater geographical area such as countries and regions.Get price

Arthur Chinakidzwa - Electrical Supervisor/Trainer - Koidu

Arthur Chinakidzwa Electrical Supervisor at Koidu Holdings Limited - Sierra Leone Johannesburg Area, South Africa 500+ connectionsGet price

EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) | Climate Action

covers around 40% of the EUgreenhouse gas emissions. To achieve climate neutrality in the EU by 2050 , including the intermediate target of an at least 55% net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 , the Commission is proposing to revise and possibly expand the scope of the EU ETS.Get price

HV/MV Switchgear Report 2015 - Ed 1 - Research and Markets

Figure 1: The switchgear market pyramid- demand in the three voltage segments; HV/MV, LV and ancillary equipment Figure 2: Switchgear devices in each voltage category Figure 3: Distribution voltages in the utility sector in the EU 27 countries.Get price