Mitigating Green House Gas Emissions in Indonesia through

mangrove 5forests. However, Indonesia consistently has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world and is one of the top 10 greenhouse gases (GHG) emitters. An estimated 63 percent of Indonesia’s GHG emissions stem from land use change, deforestation, and forest and peat land fires.Get price

The Carbon Brief Profile: Indonesia

Mar 27, 2019 · Indonesia was the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases in 2015. It is the 16th biggest economy and the largest in southeast Asia. Its emissions stem from deforestation and peatland megafires and, to a lesser extent, the burning of fossil fuels for energy.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

6 is the most potent greenhouse gas that has been evaluated, with a global warming potential of 23,900 times that of CO 2 when compared over a 100-year period. Sulfur hexafluoride is inert in the troposphere and stratosphere and is extremely long-lived, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 800–3,200 years.Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas gaz sf6 are rising

Emissions of the most powerful greenhouse gas are rising rapidly. sf6 gas or sulphur hexafluoride is used for insulating in the electricity industry. Image: Xaf/Flickr. Cheap, odorless and inert, sulphur hexafluoride is widely used in the electricity industry for its insulating properties.Get price

A review of land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia

This study examines underlying reasons for differences among land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia, where six national inventories reported average emissions of between 0.4 and 1.1 Gt CO2e yr−1 over the 2000–2012 period. The large range among estimates is only somewhat smaller than IndonesiaGHG mitigation commitment.Get price

Indonesia worldNo. 3 greenhouse gas emitter: report | Reuters

Jun 04, 2007 · Indonesia is among the worldtop three greenhouse gas emitters because of deforestation, peatland degradation and forest fires, a report sponsored by the World Bank and Britaindevelopment armGet price

Sulfr hexafluoride HANDLING PROCEDURE - epa.gov

1. Sulfur Hexafluoride Gas a. Clean insulating gas gas is an inert, stable, colorless, odorless, nontoxic, nonflammable gas. It is approximately five times heavier than air and will displace air in confined areas. Sulfr hexafluoride gas contains no oxygen and will not support life.Get price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

For decades, sf 6 has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, insulating gas has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment. The electrical power industry has demonstrated an ability and willingness to respond to these environmental issuesGet price

PGE Phases Out Sulfr hexafluoride Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

Appendix I Greenhouse Gas Emissions Technical Report

The reference gas for GWP is CO 2; therefore, CO 2 has a GWP of 1. The other main GHGs that have been attributed to human activity include CH 4, which has a GWP of 25, and N 2O, which has a GWP of 298 (IPCC 2013). For example, 1 ton of CH 4 has the same contribution to the greenhouse effect as approximately 2tons of CO5 2.Get price

E.ON plans to eliminate greenhouse gas in gas-insulated

Solutions Mobility for Companies. E.ON Drive Booster E.ON Optimum Energy for your Business Gas Solutions. News EventsGet price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

NIH Specific Sources of Fluorinated Gas Emissions Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) HFC-134a fugitive emissions from chiller operation. Inhalation anesthetics (sevoflurane and isoflurane) and HFC-134a is used as a carrier as in Ethylene Oxide Sterilants. Sulfur Hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) Dielectric used in the transmission of electricityGet price

4th International Conference on Sulfr hexafluoride and the Environment

U.S. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and GHG Emission Trading Opportunities, Christopher Sherry, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; 1:45 pm: Utility Breakout Session III: sf6 gas Reductions: Global Opportunities and Challenges. gaz sf6 Reduction Opportunities in Africa, Bayo Adeniyi, Power Holding Company of NigeriaGet price

Health and environmental dangers of Sulfr hexafluoride-filled switchgear

Aug 08, 2017 · SF 6 is a greenhouse gas In1997, SF 6 was identified by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a highly potent greenhouse gas which contributes to climate change. SF 6 is 22 000 times more effective at trapping infrared radiation than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide over a 100-year period [21].Get price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

Abstract: For decades, insulating gas has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, Sulfr hexafluoride has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment.Get price

Potent GHG Sulfr hexafluoride rapidly accumulating in atmosphere, driven by

Jul 06, 2020 · Of all the greenhouse gases regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, Sulfr hexafluoride is the most potent, with a global warming potential (GWP) of 23,500 over a 100-year time horizon. In practical terms, this high GWP means that 1t of Sulfr hexafluoride released to the atmosphere is equivalent to the release of 23,500t of carbon dioxide (CO2).Get price

Myth About Sulfr hexafluoride Gas In Electrical Equipment

Aug 24, 2017 · From 0kV thru 800kV sf6 gas is my choice for the insulating and arc-extinguishing characteristics delivered by gaz sf6. it is heavier than air, and just as the old OCB’s were designed, the Sulfr hexafluoride chamber and contacts are designed much like they were, whereby a “puff” of Sulfr hexafluoride gas is jettisoned right through the arc zone thus assuring the thorough extinguishing of the arc.Get price

Greenhouse gas

Some gases have indirect radiative effects (whether or not they are greenhouse gases themselves). This happens in two main ways. One way is that when they break down in the atmospGet price

Could renewables be emitting the most potent greenhouse gas

Sep 16, 2019 · Emissions of what is thought to be the most potent greenhouse gas in existence are rising rapidly – and it could be due to renewables.. That’s according to reports from the BBC, which claimsGet price

Controlled substances licence to import synthetic greenhouse

Controlled substances licence to import synthetic greenhouse gases - HFCs, PFCs, sf6 gas and NF3. It is an offence under the Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Act 1989 (the Act) to import, export and manufacture hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ), and nitrogen trifluoride (NF 3) without a controlled substances licence for synthetic greenhouse gases unless an exemption applies.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: sf6 gas (Multimedia) | ScienceCinema

Apr 20, 2012 · gaz sf6 is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas — one pound of Sulfr hexafluoride is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate insulating gas emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce Sulfr hexafluoride emissions.Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions - Wikipedia

Greenhouse gas emissions are emissions of greenhouse gases that cause climate change by creating a greenhouse effect in the earthatmosphere. These emissions mainly include carbon dioxide emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, principally coal, petroleum (including oil) and natural gas; however, these also include deforestation and other changes in land use.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis for the North City Project City of San Diego, California PTS#499621 Prepared for: City of San Diego – Public Utilities Department 9192 Topaz WayGet price

SWITCHGEAR AND sf 6 GAS - Gob

insulating gas does not contribute to the ozone layer depletion, because it does not contain chlorine. [3] [4] Special attention is paid to the impact on the Greenhouse effect due to the high global warming potential of the gas. 1.3.1 Impact of the insulating gas switchgear in the greenhouse effect Extensive inquiries and data provided by CAPIEL HV have established aGet price

Greenhouse gases - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Aug 25, 2020 · Sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas) Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) Other greenhouse gases not counted in U.S. or international greenhouse gas inventories are water vapor and ozone. Water vapor is the most abundant greenhouse gas, but most scientists believe that water vapor produced directly by human activity contributes very little to the amount of waterGet price

Climate Change: Electrical Industry'dirty Secret' Is Only

Sep 14, 2019 · The gas they are talking about is Sulfr hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride which is a non conducting insulating gas used for circuit breakers, switching gear and gas insulated lines. It is a very powerful greenhouse gas, so although the amounts released are minute, we still need to reduce it even further.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters

Nov 28, 2008 · Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters and Developed Versus Developing Nations Climate change is a global issue1; however, greenhouse gas emissions data on a global basis are incomplete. Some developing countries have no institutions for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions and have never reported such emissions to theGet price

Aiste Lankininkaite - Specialist of Sustainable energy

View Aiste Lankininkaite’s profile on LinkedIn, the worldlargest professional community. Aiste has 3 jobs listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Aiste’sGet price

Green Energy Has a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Problem, but

Sep 16, 2019 · Sulfur hexafluoride, or sf6 gas, is an inexpensive, colorless, odorless gas used that the electrical industry uses to prevent accidents and short circuits. It is remarkably effective at insulating medium and high-voltage electrical installations, which prevents electrical mishaps and fires.Get price